The Makers

France

French wine is manufactured all over France, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 7–8 billion bottles. France is one of the principal wine producers in the world. French wine has its glorious history from the 6th century BC, with many of France's regions dating their wine-making history to Roman times. The wines manufactured range from exclusive high-end wines sold internationally to more modest wines typically only seen within France.

Two models fundamental to higher end French wines are the concept of "terroir", which links the style of the wines to the precise locations where the grapes are grown and the wine is made, and the Appellation d'OrigineContrôlée (AOC) system. Appellation rules closely identify which grape varieties and winemaking practices are accepted for categorization in each of France's numerous hundred geographically defined appellations, which can cover entire regions, individual villages or even specific vineyards.

France is the starting place of many grape multiplicity (Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Sauvignon blanc, Syrah) that are now planted right through the globe, as well as wine-making practices and styles of wine that have been implemented in other manufacturing countries.

French Quality levels and Appellation system
In 1935 several laws were passed to manage the quality of French wine. They established the Appellation d'OrigineContrôlée system, which is governed by a commanding oversight board (Institute National des Appellations d'Origine, INAO). Accordingly, France has one of the oldest systems for protected designation of origin for wine in the world, and strict laws regarding winemaking and manufacture. Many other European systems are modelled after it. The word "appellation" has been put to use by other countries, sometimes in a much looser meaning. As European Union wine laws have been structured after those of the French, this trend is likely to persist with further EU expansion.

French law divides wine into four categories, two falling under the European Union's Table Wine category and two falling under the EU's Quality Wine Produced in a precise Region (QWPSR) alias. The class and their shares of the total French production for the 2005 vintage, apart from wine destined for Cognac, Armagnac and other brandies

Grape varieties
Abundant grape types are harvested in France, including both globally well-known and ambiguous local varieties. Actually, most of the so-called "international varieties" are of French derivation, or became famous and reach because of their cultivation in France. Given that French appellation rules in general limit wines from each area, district or appellation to a small number of allowed grape varieties, there are in standard no varieties that are usually planted all through all the France.
 
The majority of assortment of grape is chiefly associated with a definite region, such as Cabernet Sauvignon in Bordeaux and Syrah in Rhône, although there are some varieties that are found in two or more regions, such as Chardonnay in Bourgogne (including Chablis) and Champagne, and Sauvignon blanc in Loire and Bordeaux. As an illustration of the rules, though climatic conditions would come out to be encouraging, no Cabernet Sauvignon wines are produced in Rhône, Riesling wines in Loire, or Chardonnay wines in Bordeaux. (If such wines were manufactured, they would have to be declassified to Vin de Pays or French table wine. They would not be permitted to exhibit any appellation name or even region of origin.)

Common Grape varieties are:

Variety Color Variety Color Variety Color Variety Color
Pinot gris grey Alicante Bouschet red Ugni blanc white Clairette white
Grenache gris grey Muscat de Hambourg red Chardonnay white Auxerrois blanc white
Gewurztraminer pink Aramon red Sauvignon blanc white Mauzac white
Merlot red Tannat red Melon de Bourgogne white Aligoté white
Grenache red Caladoc red Sémillon white Folle blanche white
Syrah red Grolleau red Chenin blanc white Chasselas white
Carignan red Marselan red Colombard white Muscadelle white
Cabernet Sauvignon red Nielluccio red Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains white Terret blanc white
Cabernet Franc red Fer red Grenache blanc white Sylvaner white
Gamay red Villard noir red Viognier white Piquepoul blanc white
Pinot noir red Négrette red Riesling white Marsanne white
Cinsaut red Malbec red Plantet white Roussanne white
Pinot Meunier red Vermentino white Jacquère white Pinot blanc white
Mourvèdre red GrosManseng white Macabeu white Muscat d'Alexandrie white

 
French Wine Regions:

Alsace Burgundy Jura Picardy
Beaujolais Champagne Languedoc-Roussillon Provence
Bordeaux Corsica Loire Rhône
Brittany Ile de France Normandy Savoy
 South West France      


Popular Imported French Wines sold in India:

  1. Joseph Drouhin Cote De Beaune Villages (2006)-Red Wine
  2. Joseph Drouhin Cote De Nuits-Villages(2007)-Red Wine
  3. Baron Philippe De Rothschild, Saint Emilion
  4. Baron Philippe De Rothschild, Medoc
  5. Joseph Drouhin Moulin A Vent (2007)-Red Wine
  6. Joseph Drouhin Petit Chablis (2009)-Red Wine
  7. Baron Philippe De Rothschild,MoutonCabetBlanc,Bordeaux
  8. Baron Philippe De Rothschild,MoutonCabetBlanc,Bordeaux
  9. Joseph Drouhin La Foret Bourgogne Pinot Noir (2008)-Red Wine
  10. Joseph Drouhin Beaujolais Villages (2009)-Red Wine
  11. Joseph Drouhin La Foret Bourgogne Blanc (2009)-White Wine
  12. Baron Philippe De Rothschild Chadonnay
  13. Baron Philippe De Rothschild Cabernet
  14. Baron Philippe De Rothschild Merlot
  15. Baron Philippe De Rothschild, Sauvignon Blanc
  16. DomaineLaroche Vin De Pays D'oc Chardonnay
  17. DomaineLaroche Vin De Pays D'oc Cabernet Sauvignon
  18. DomaineLaroche Vin De Pays D'oc Merlot
  19. DomaineLaroche Vin De Pays D'oc Sauvignon Blanc
  20. DomaineLaroche Vin De Pays D'oc Syrah
  21. Renaissance Chardonnay
  22. Renaissance Merlot
  23. Renaissance Sauvignon Blanc
  24. Renaisswance Cabernet
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